quinta-feira, junho 15, 2006

Discurso do Ministro Ramos-Horta ao CS das Nações Unidas

Speech by H.E. Dr. José Ramos-Horta

Senior Minister

Minister for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation

Minister for Defence

At the Security Council

New York, Tuesday 13th June 2006

Mr. President,

I offer my sincere apologies to you and to the Members of the Security Council for my absence, but the demands for my presence in Timor-Leste at this time are extensive. H.E. Ambassador Jose Luis Guterres, Timor-Leste’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, will deliver my speech before your august body.

As you meet I am visiting rural areas of the country, covering East and West, continuing to take the State to the people. I am also able to listen to their needs and communicate them back to our President and our Government. I have also addressed our National Parliament, upon the invitation of the President of the Parliament.

I thank you Mr. President and the Members for your continued concern for the people of Timor-Leste and for your resolution, (SC/8728) of 24 May 2006, that gave international legitimacy to the deployment of the multi-national forces of Australia, Malaysia, and New Zealand.

On behalf of all Timorese, I offer profuse thanks to the Joint Task Force (JFT 631), all of whom were able to respond promptly and efficiently to quickly quell the violence. However the forces were not able to prevent the extensive looting and burning and displacement of tens of thousands of Timorese, as law and order broke down in some quarters, with the earlier disintegration of the Policia Nacional of Timor-Leste (PNTL) in Dili.

I also offer profuse thanks to Portugal, who from a great distance, showed no hesitation in deploying their elite police force the GNR. The Timorese people’s experience of the GNR under UNTAET was a positive one and the GNR’s presence has been demanded from every sector of the Timorese society. It is our desire that in a new UN Mission, the GNR will play a vital role in law and order. We are equally grateful that Malaysia has made available a similar Rapid Reaction Police Force.

The humanitarian situation has been managed very well by our Minister for Labour and Community Reinsertion, H.E. Arsenio Bano who chairs the Inter-Agency Humanitarian Coordination Working Group that includes other Government Ministries and Agencies, the UN Country Team, IOM, INGOs, NGOs and specific sector working group heads. In a very short time along with Minister Bano, they were able to mobilise and provide services to the large number of IDPs. I thank OCHA for their coordination assistance and for the launch yesterday in Dili, New York and Geneva of the Flash Appeal. A special reference is made to our impressive efforts of our Church that has provided shelter and care to tens of thousands of people.

East Timorese and foreign doctors and nurses, including Cubans and Chinese have performed and continue their admirable duties. We are grateful to all.

We note with deep appreciation the bilateral assistance from our friends, including our closest neighbour Indonesia, who in its own time of suffering caused by natural disasters, reached out to Timor-Leste, with the delivery of much needed humanitarian aid.
The international forces on the ground are continuing their efforts to collect weapons from individuals. Through voluntary surrender or through enforced confiscation close to 1,000 assorted weapons have been collected.

Pursuant to a decision of the Supreme Council of Defence and Security, on Friday 9th June, our own Defence Force, the F-FDTL, participated and assisted in the commencement of a ‘Weapons Inventory Inspection Operation’, undertaken with an international observation team comprising Military Personnel from Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Portugal, the United States and UNOTIL. The preliminary reports I have received indicate its success.

The second part of the operation concerns the PNTL and will take place this week Members of the PNTL have begun to surrender their weapons and have voluntarily agreed to be cantoned in Dili and handing over their weapons to the Australian Defence Forces. By this week’s end, the new Minister of Interior will submit to H.E. President Kay Rala Xanana Gusmao, a complete list of all weapons in the PNTL official inventory. This list will be checked against existing weapons in use by PNTL officers or in the armory.

This level of cooperation would not have been possible without my President. His moral standing and influence among all sectors of Timorese society is high. He was pivotal in preventing irregular armed forces, “reservists”, from leaving Baucau for Dili in the last week of May to join the violent disturbances. My President’s leadership has been fundamental to the stabilisation process

The graveness of our current crisis causes me great sadness; however, I take this opportunity to assure Members that the situation is redeemable. The good work that the United Nations and the international community, with the Timorese leadership and Timorese people have done, has taken root in the form of state institutions that have had the capacity to continue operations, even during the height of the current crisis.

Ministries and associated agencies have continued to function, contrary to some media reports that have us as a failing state. These include but are not limited to the following: The Presidency, Health, Labour and Community Reinsertion, State Administration, Agriculture, Education, Justice (who is working alongside the JTF in the area of detention, investigation and prosecutions), Telecommunications including EDTL and Timor Telecom who kept the electricity, telephone and internet services working throughout, RTTL the National television and radio broadcaster, Customs, the Port Authority which is doubling as a Military HQ, air services, and my own Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Defence.

Timor-Leste’s inaugural petroleum exploration bid round was completed on 22 May 2006, when the Prime Minister announced the winners of the bid with the publication of the Evaluation Commission’s final report.

Many shops and restaurants are open, many stayed open, and some taxis and microlets continue to operate. The fact that the private sector continues alongside the public sector is indicative of our gains so far.

The Government has kept the 2006-2007 budget process on track and I wish to provide Members with some specific detail, as it demonstrates the Government’s competence in this regard and also responsiveness to the needs of the people, and particularly in rural development.

The Council of Ministers meets tomorrow to consider a revised State Budget in 2006-07, expected to exceed $US315m and in check with the State's sustainable income levels. This is in addition to $US140m donor assistance for development. $U110m will be allocated to Capital and Development and $US50 million for Public Works.

Projects and initiatives include some of the following:- Construction of Transmission towers for territory wide public broadcasting-Water Supply-New Dili Police headquarters-Police Border posts-Five youth centres-Sports centres-Counterpart funds for referral hospitals in Baucau, Maliana, Oe-Cusse and Suai-Rehabilitation of District Health Posts-Veterans housing-New Customs posts in Batugade, Atauro, Com, Bobometo, Tunu Bibi-Counterpart funds for a new Ferry and port service between Dili, Atauro and Oe-Cusse- Extension of the electrical grid to various areas in the Districts
-$3m capital to establish a rural credit agency
-$US11 million public grants across public-private sector and personal benefit payments and community priorities to determine minor rehabilitative works and minor equipment for schools
-Public grants to Churches and NGO’s that provide community and humanitarian assistance
-$US2 million pension fund for former combatants recognised for their services during the independence struggle -50% adjustment for employees in isolated areas and an increase in catering and other services in these areas-$US8 million for food security in the Ministry of Development with additional funds for equipment for fishermen, and tractors and other motorized equipment to improve agricultural productivity-$5 million to subsidise Government lowered electricity prices to consumers-Lastly all public sector workers will receive a cost of living adjustment to cover cost increases in fuel and food.

I should make a distinction for the Members about the areas of Timor-Leste affected by the crisis. It is primarily limited to the capital Dili, while the other twelve districts have continued to function with all services operating including the PNTL police service whose basic infrastructure stayed intact in the districts. There is of course no guarantee that an outbreak of violence won’t happen in the regions whilst the country is in a politically precarious state.

The border area that Timor-Leste shares with Indonesia has remained calm. I have visited the border on three occasions in the past month, the last visit being of three days duration and I was accompanied by H.E. Mr. Ahmed Bey Sofwan the Indonesian Ambassador to Timor-Leste. I thank the Indonesian authorities for assisting us in keeping our common border area safe and stable.

I came back inspired by the PNTL Border Patrol Unit’s (PBU) professionalism, as well as the military forces operating on the Indonesian side. I was however concerned with the poor living conditions of our police, an incomprehensible neglect by our own government.

Mr. President, I wish to inform Members of our initiatives vis-à-vis political dialogue, as political peace is as necessary to democratic health as is physical security. I have been in contact with every key person and group in the conflict, on more than one occasion. My President has begun to meet each individual and group directly involved in the conflict, as the first step in reaching an all inclusive political dialogue, which all have agreed to. The all inclusive dialogue will commence within the next two weeks, with the arrangements in place by week’s end. It will be co-chaired by my President and our two Bishops, of Dili and Baucau.

President Xanana has provided leadership in securing the agreement of all key individuals and groups, that an all inclusive dialogue was the approach needed to resolve political problems and further that all political problems needed to be resolved within our constitutional framework. This recognition demonstrates a commitment to the democratic culture that has begun to take root in Timor-Leste.

Parallel to the all inclusive dialogue, will be the Special Inquiry Commission that Timor-Leste has requested, as outlined in my letter to the Secretary General of 9th June 2006. The President, the Prime Minister, the Government, F-FDTL, PNTL, Religious Leaders and Civil Society all welcome an impartial and independent inquiry, as an important step in reaching a settlement and upholding the rule of law. It is our fervent desire that the Special Inquiry Commission commence immediately. In the interim, the Australian side through its Federal Police Service in with the Prosecutor General’s Office is undertaking preliminary work to secure some crime scenes and preserve evidence.

Members would be aware that I have taken on the sensitive portfolio of Defence. My motivation in accepting, and I cannot but say as a Nobel Peace Laureate I am a most reluctant Defence Minister, is to lift the standing of the F-FDTL and to help heal the wounds between the F-FDTL and the PNTL and both forces and the community.

While peace has been restored overall, the security and law and order situation remains precarious. It is acknowledged by all that our institutions of state and our democratic culture is fragile. It is however, our considered view, that sustained international support by way of a UN Police Force under UN command and with PNTL working under its auspice, as outlined in the letter to the Secretary General of 11 June 2006, on this matter, signed by my President, President of the Parliament and my Prime Minister, needs to be deployed without delay.

Mr. President, before I turn to the needs of a new UN Mission, I wish to reiterate that we Timorese are deeply indebted to the deploying countries, but as the emergency situation is nearing an end, it is important that our attention turns to the issue of transition to a peace-keeping force under the UN umbrella, as was the case with InterFET in 1999.

We believe that it is essential to have an international presence under the UN Flag to reduce political and diplomatic tensions; hence it is our considered view that the current force in Timor-Leste should in due course replaced by a UN mandated peace-keeping force.

It is also our considered view that the current force and its successor, as indeed other components of a new UN Mission, should also comprise a greater number of countries in the region, including we would hope from our friends in Fiji, Singapore, Thailand, The Philippines, and the Republic of Korea and other countries that stand ready to contribute to such a force. We were very proud that an ASEAN country, namely Malaysia, came to us in our time of need and were able to respond as quickly and professionally. We are most grateful to Malaysia and other ASEAN countries that have indicated a willingness to respond.

I want to caveat what I say about a new UN Mission with the reality that we have not been able to undertake a comprehensive needs assessment of such a mission. It is our intention to enter into detailed discussions with the UN on this matter in the immediate future. I can though offer some preliminary comments that add to our request for a UN International Police Force and the Special Inquiry Commission.

Firstly, the time frame has to be long enough to enable our state institutions to move beyond the fragile stage, consistent with being an infant state. Regarding UNTAET we were all hopeful that its two year life span would be sufficient to help build a nation, and I have to say some in my own Government were also keen to have the UN gone, not for any other reason than they were keen to have independence as soon as possible.

I had favoured a five year UN Mission with a five year transition time, which was not a popular position then, but I would request that this position be factored into thinking that will guide the establishment of a new UN Mission. As respected Members know, it is a Herculean task to build a nation almost from scratch and whilst we have succeeded, it is an infant nation we now have. Collectively we did a remarkable job of nation building, initially under the stewardship of the late Sergio Veira De Mello..

The main focus of the UN Mission will be the maintenance of secure environment, that involves inter alia, a multinational military presence, a UN Police Force, a UN organised, administered and conducted presidential and parliamentary elections and key civilian advisory positions, with some embedded in government administration alongside capacity building positions, so that our state institutions can be strengthened, along with civil society.

I wish to place on public record a sincere thank you to the SRSG H.E. Sukehiro Hasegawa, for his good work during the current crisis. Mr. Hasegawa has also served the people of Timor-Leste in an exemplary and selfless manner and he has a special place in our hearts, as indeed do our friends from Japan, Mr. Hasegawa’s home country, who have made a great contribution to our country.

I want to also thank the UN Police for their wonderful efforts in attempting to broker a peaceful resolution to a very critical situation on the 25 May, and wish to convey to them our profound thanks. We deeply empathise with you, but say you acted professionally and selflessly and in the best traditions of the civil servants of the UN. We salute you.

The decision is in your hands Mr. President. We require your sustained engagement and we the people of Timor-Leste await your consideration.

May God, the Almighty and the Merciful Bless you all.


2 comentários:

Anónimo disse...

"I wish to place on public record a sincere thank you to the SRSG H.E. Sukehiro Hasegawa, for his good work during the current crisis. Mr. Hasegawa has also served the people of Timor-Leste in an exemplary and selfless manner and he has a special place in our hearts, as indeed do our friends from Japan, Mr. Hasegawa’s home country, who have made a great contribution to our country."

Não será um pouco excesivo depois dos "afirmados sucessos" pelo Sr. Hasegawa na formação da PNTL?!
O próprio Kofi Annan admite que a ONU tem que reconhecer a parte da sua responsabilidade no falhanço do funcionamento das Instituições?
Ou o Sr. Ministro está a tentar tapor o sol com a peneira e assegurar o "lugarzito" do Senhor Hasegawa?
A permanência do Senhor Hasegawa como SRSG em Timor talvez inspire a designação da nova missão que mais uma vez será INUTIL!

Anónimo disse...

Mas o Senhor Hasegawa trabalha para as Nações Unidas ou para o governo japonês?
Está um pouco confusa o elogio do Sr. Ramos Horta. Dirige-se ao Hasegawa SRSG ou ao Hasegawa japonês?!


Todas as traduções de inglês para português (e também de francês para português) são feitas pela Margarida, que conhecemos recentemente, mas que desde sempre nos ajuda.

Obrigado pela solidariedade, Margarida!

Mensagem inicial - 16 de Maio de 2006

"Apesar de frágil, Timor-Leste é uma jovem democracia em que acreditamos. É o país que escolhemos para viver e trabalhar. Desde dia 28 de Abril muito se tem dito sobre a situação em Timor-Leste. Boatos, rumores, alertas, declarações de países estrangeiros, inocentes ou não, têm servido para transmitir um clima de conflito e insegurança que não corresponde ao que vivemos. Vamos tentar transmitir o que se passa aqui. Não o que ouvimos dizer... "

Malai Azul. Lives in East Timor/Dili, speaks Portuguese and English.
This is my blogchalk: Timor, Timor-Leste, East Timor, Dili, Portuguese, English, Malai Azul, politica, situação, Xanana, Ramos-Horta, Alkatiri, Conflito, Crise, ISF, GNR, UNPOL, UNMIT, ONU, UN.